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IJM Findings and Studies

Proving Justice for the Poor is Possible

We believe the children, families and communities we serve deserve the very best. We owe it to them – and to those who make our work possible – to ensure that our work is effective. That’s why we base the design and management of our programs on evidence we collect through rigorous documentation, monitoring and evaluation.

Here’s how it works:

1) Start with Measurement

When we begin a new program to combat a specific form of violence in a community, we measure the prevalence of the crime we are targeting, and we assess how the justice system responds to it.

2) Track Changes

Throughout our work in a community, we measure and analyze changes in how police, judges and other actors and institutions in the public justice system respond to the crime we are targeting. We also continue to assess how prevalent the crime is, watching for changes.

3) Ensure People are Safer

We use this critical information to ensure that the justice system’s response to the crime is truly improving, and that these improvements are actually making vulnerable people safer from the targeted form of violence – our ultimate goal.

4) Share What We've Learned

We grow the impact by sharing what we’ve learned with key stakeholders in the communities where we work, and with audiences around the world.

Summary - Online Sexual Exploitation of Children in the Philippines

An Analysis and Recommendations for Governments, Industry and Civil Society

Online Sexual Exploitation of Children (OSEC) is a complex, hidden crime that is particularly challenging for the global community to measure and address. To both set a baseline of the existing global data and catalyze future research efforts, International Justice Mission (IJM) brought together leading agencies from across multiple disciplines as well as research experts to collaboratively take on this challenge: examine existing data sources and research methodologies in order to provide meaningful information about this crime that would be valuable for understanding its scale as well as informing interventions to combat it.

Read the Summary

Full Report - Online Sexual Exploitation of Children in the Philippines

An Analysis and Recommendations for Governments, Industry and Civil Society

Online Sexual Exploitation of Children (OSEC) is a complex, hidden crime that is particularly challenging for the global community to measure and address. To both set a baseline of the existing global data and catalyze future research efforts, International Justice Mission (IJM) brought together leading agencies from across multiple disciplines as well as research experts to collaboratively take on this challenge: examine existing data sources and research methodologies in order to provide meaningful information about this crime that would be valuable for understanding its scale as well as informing interventions to combat it.

Read the Full Report

Explore IJM Studies and Papers

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20 studies found

Summary Report: Online Sexual Exploitation of Children in the Philippines: Analysis and Recommendations for Governments, Industry, and Civil Society

Final OSEC Public Summary 05 20 2020:

Download PDF (14.02 MB)
Author International Justice Mission with 14 Implementing and Advisory Partners
Resource Type Prevalence Study
Publication Date May, 2020
Country Philippines
Subject Online Sexual Exploitation of Children

This summary report provides the highlights from the study into the nature and scale of OSEC in the Philippines. This study was led by IJM, in partnership with the Philippine Government and a variety of stakeholders, under the U.S.-Philippine Child Protection Compact (CPC) Partnership between the U.S. Department of State Office to Monitor and Combat Trafficking in Persons and the Government of the Philippines.

Full Length Report: Online Sexual Exploitation of Children in the Philippines: Analysis and Recommendations for Governments, Industry, and Civil Society

Final Public Full Report 5 20 2020:

Download PDF (7.77 MB)
Author International Justice Mission with 14 Implementing and Advisory Partners
Resource Type Prevalence Study
Publication Date May, 2020
Country Philippines
Subject Online Sexual Exploitation of Children

This report presents the results of a study into the nature and scale of OSEC in the Philippines. This study was led by IJM, in partnership with the Philippine Government and a variety of stakeholders, under the U.S.-Philippine Child Protection Compact (CPC) Partnership between the U.S. Department of State Office to Monitor and Combat Trafficking in Persons and the Government of the Philippines.

Justice Review 2018: A Journal of Protection and Justice for the Poor

IJM Justice Review Labor 2018 v 1:

Download PDF (8.01 MB)
Author International Justice Mission
Resource Type Other Study Type
Publication Date August, 2018
Country Multiple Countries
Subject Forced Labour

The second edition of IJM's Justice Review is a compendium of studies of forced, trafficked labor commissioned by International Justice Mission. This edition includes substantial summaries of full-length prevalence reports on bonded labor in Tamil Nadu and Bangalore, India; child labor slavery in Ghana; and trafficked labor in Thailand's fishing industry. It also includes studies of the capacity of the Cambodian and Thai governments' criminal justice systems to address labor trafficking. Links to the majority of the full-length reports are included.

IJM Justice Review 2014-2015

IJM Justice Review 2014 - 2015:

Download PDF (4.45 MB)
Author International Justice Mission
Resource Type Other Study Type
Publication Date July, 2018
Country Philippines, Cambodia, Kenya
Subject Sex trafficking, Land theft, Sexual Violence, Forced Labour

A Journal on Protection and Justice for the Poor.

Child Sex Trafficking in Metro Manila

Child Sex Trafficking in Metro Manila:

Download PDF (3.84 MB)
Author International Justice Mission
Resource Type Crime Prevalence Study
Publication Date May, 2018
Country Philippines
Subject Child Sex Trafficking in Metro Manila

A study measuring the prevalence of children in commercial sexual exploitation in Metro Manila, the Philippines.

Child Sexual Assault: Practice and Learnings

Inspire CSA Recommendations:

Download PDF (589.25 KB)
Author International Justice Mission
Resource Type Article or White Paper
Publication Date August, 2017
Country Multiple Countries
Subject Policy recommendations on child sexual assault, Sexual Violence

By Holly Burkhalter, Senior Advisor for Justice System Transformation. Originally submitted to the World Health Organization as part of a WHO-UNICEF initiative to implement the anti-violence Sustainable Development Goals relating to children. This white paper describes IJM experience and learnings from its field offices which address the issue of sexual assault of children. It discusses child and victim-friendly processes throughout investigation and prosecution of child sexual assault and specific criminal justice capacities which are required to protect victims and deter predators.

Labour Trafficking in Cambodia

Labour Trafficking in Cambodia—A Review of the PJSS Response - IJM 2016:

Download PDF (1.02 MB)
Author International Justice Mission
Resource Type Other Study Type
Publication Date November, 2016
Country Cambodia
Subject Forced Labour

A Review of the Public Justice System’s Response to Labour Trafficking in Cambodia.

Child Trafficking into Forced Labour on Lake Volta, Ghana

Child Trafficking on Lake Volta, Ghana:

Download PDF (3.72 MB)
Author Kirsten Singleton, Katrina B. Stone, Julie Stricker
Resource Type Crime Prevalence Study
Publication Date October, 2016
Country Ghana
Subject Forced Labour

The purpose of this baseline study was to document the scope and nature of child trafficking in Lake Volta’s fishing industry.

Child Sex Trafficking in Angeles City

Child Sex Trafficking in Angeles City:

Download PDF (2.77 MB)
Author International Justice Mission
Resource Type Crime Prevalence Study
Publication Date October, 2016
Country Philippines
Subject Child Sex Trafficking in Angeles City, Sex trafficking

A study measuring the prevalence of children in commercial sexual exploitation in Angeles City, the Philippines.

External Evaluation of IJM’s Program to Combat Sex Trafficking of Children in Cambodia, 2004-2014

2015 Evaluation of IJM CSEC Program in Cambodia (Final Report):

Download PDF (1.32 MB)

2015 Evaluation of IJM CSEC Program in Cambodia (Executive Summary):

Download PDF (496.46 KB)
Author Dr. Robin Haarr
Resource Type Program Evaluation
Publication Date December, 2015
Country Cambodia
Subject Sex trafficking

An evaluation of IJM’s 10-year program to combat sex trafficking of children in Cambodia.

Property Grabbing from Ugandan Widows and the Public Justice System Response

Property Grabbing From Ugandan Widows And PJs Response:

Download PDF (3.60 MB)
Author International Justice Mission
Resource Type Crime Prevalence Study, Public Justice System Performance Study
Publication Date October, 2014
Country Uganda
Subject Land theft

A mixed-methods assessment in Mukono County, Uganda assessing the prevalence of land theft (property grabbing) from widows as well as the justice system response to the crime.

Project Lantern Results Summary

Cebu "Project Lantern" Results Summary:

Download PDF (334.92 KB)
Author International Justice Mission
Resource Type Article or White Paper
Publication Date January, 2011
Country Philippines
Subject Sex trafficking

Summary of four years of IJM partnership with local justice system actors and other stakeholders in Cebu, the Philippines.

Evaluation of "Project Lantern"

Cebu "Project Lantern" Impact Assessment:

Download PDF (2.27 MB)
Author Andrew Jones and Associates
Resource Type Impact Study
Publication Date October, 2010
Country Philippines
Subject Sex trafficking

Assessment of five-year impact and change in the public justice system - Cebu, the Philippines.

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